What are the various types of knee surgery?
If you are suffering with knee pain and surgery is the recommended solution, you may be facing one of the various types of knee replacement procedures. Or, your doctor may recommend arthroscopic surgery to correct chondromalacia of the patella, an ACL tear or a meniscus tear. Learning more about the types of knee surgery will help you understand why the specialist recommends it, what the procedure involves, and the results you may expect.
The Four Types of Knee Replacement Procedures
Dr. Likover, leading knee specialist in Houston, specializes in four different types of knee replacement procedures: a patellofemoral joint replacement, the Oxford partial knee replacement, Signature total knee replacement, and the new XP knee. Trained and highly skilled in each, Dr. Likover performs these and other knee surgeries for patients from around the globe.
Biomet’s XP, the New Type of Total Knee Replacement
The Vanguard XP knee is the new type of total knee replacement system that preserves the posterior and anterior cruciate ligaments. Although a knee replacement that retained the PCL was previously available, the procedure required removing the ACL. By retaining the ACL, the natural stability of the knee remains. The XP knee feels and functions more naturally, and patients receiving this new type of knee replacement say the difference is significant.
Signature Knee Replacement, the MRI Custom Knee
Before the XP, the Signature knee replacement was the new breakthrough in knee replacement technology. Using an MRI of the patient’s knee, a computer designs the surgical procedure, customizing the new knee implant size and placement to the patient’s specific knee anatomy. The result is a more natural feeling knee with full range of motion. The Signature knee replacement shortened the surgical time as well as recovery, and significantly improved patient satisfaction over previous types of total knee replacement surgeries.
The Oxford Partial Knee Replacement
If you suffer with osteoarthritis of the knee and have only worn out one portion of the knee, a total knee replacement may not be necessary. The Oxford knee replacement is a type of partial knee replacement that replaces only the worn out portion of the knee, saving as much of the natural knee as possible. The minimally invasive partial knee replacement is so successful that the manufacturer now offers a lifetime warranty on the implant. However, as with the previous two types of knee replacements, specialized training is required to perform the Oxford, so not all knee surgeons can provide it.
The Patellofemoral Joint Replacement
The patellofemoral joint replacement is a type of partial knee replacement primarily performed for isolated kneecap joint arthritis. A surgeon may also recommend it for younger patients in certain cases of advanced chondromalacia of the patellofemoral joint. In a kneecap joint replacement, the surgeon is able to preserve all knee ligaments. Patient recovery is faster than any other type of partial knee replacement procedure.
Types of Arthroscopic Knee Surgeries
In addition to the various types of other knee surgeries, Dr. Likover specializes in arthroscopic surgery to correct an ACL tear, meniscus tear, or chondromalacia of the patella. If your knee cap is out of line, has been for most of your life, and nonsurgical methods of reducing the inflammation no longer keep the condition from worsening, or you just cannot stand the pain any longer, your surgeon may recommend a type of knee surgery that involves arthroscopic smoothing of the kneecap and lateral release, a relatively easy surgical procedure to correct chondromalacia of the patella.
Knee Surgery for a Meniscus Tear
If your knee is painful, swelling and locking up, your knee specialist may order an MRI, and then recommend arthroscopic surgery to repair or remove a torn meniscus (cartilage). This is an outpatient surgical procedure with three tiny incisions on the knee.
Arthroscopic ACL Surgery
If you feel like your knee popped out or a bone in your knee moved, and your knee is painful and swollen, you may have a tear of the anterior cruciate ligament. Left untreated, the knee will likely remain unstable. There is also about an 80% chance you will suffer significant secondary problems.
An ACL tear is a common sports injury, and specialists typically recommend active individuals undergo ACL surgery to correct the problem. A sports team doctor for more than three decades, Dr. Likover knows how important correction of an ACL injury is to an athlete. The arthroscopic anterior cruciate reconstruction procedure he developed is generally performed as an outpatient procedure, with the patient walking on crutches immediately after surgery.
Your Knee Specialist in Houston for Multiple Types of Knee Surgeries
Whatever your knee needs – whether it is one of the various types of knee replacement, another type of knee surgery, or diagnosis and treatment of a knee condition not mentioned, you can feel confident Dr. Likover is the highly trained, skilled and experienced knee specialist you need to provide it. Click on one of the links above to read more about the various knee surgeries and conditions they treat. You can also schedule an appointment online.